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Mes´uh-puh-tay´mee-uh; Gk., “between the rivers”

The region bounded on the east by the Tigris River and on the west by the Euphrates River. The biblical term for Mesopotamia, Aram-naharaim, refers to the land east of the Middle Euphrates. Other terms in the Bible referring to regions of Mesopotamia include Shinar, Kashdim (Chaldea), Ashur, and Bavel. Modern Iraq encompasses much of Mesopotamia.